Scientific Validity

Most recently Northam Psychotechnologies finished a 2 year long testing phase in Afghanistan testing ANA personnel with the financial support of the Combined Security Transition Command Afghanistan (CSTC-A). Please see our recent blog posting about our work there.

Psycho Semantic Analysis, using SSRM Tek, was developed by tapping into the knowledge of hundreds of scientists from around the world. Many scientists from around the world have tried to measure the response of the subconscious mind outside a laboratory setting. Subconscious Semantic Response Measurement is the first to accomplish it in a non-scientific, user friendly environment enabling users with little or no scientific knowledge to administer and analyze the results.

Early Concepts

The concept of Psycho Semantic Analysis has been discussed amongst scientists for over five decades. In 1953 Jacques Marie Émile Lacan published “Fonction et champ de la parole et du langage en psychanalyse” where he argued that speech and, more generally, language were central to psychoanalytic practice and to any theoretical conclusions that might be extrapolated from it. This is where Psycho Semantic Analysis took its roots.

For the last 35 years, scientists from all over the world published a variety of papers in the area of the subconscious mind in multiple languages. Their results showed that it is possible to obtain responses to subconsciously-presented visual or auditory stimuli measuring the cutaneo galvanic reflex, respiratory reaction, reaction of blockade of an alpha-rhythm in electroencephalographyplethysmography or visual-motor reaction.

International Recognition

At the end of this document you will find listed a few examples of publications (from 1970 to 2003) in the area of the subconscious mind using Psycho-semantic Analysis in different scientific paradigms in English, French and Russian. These studies validate the fact that the subconscious mind can be tested.

Basic Principles

Within the concept of the human psyche, the subconscious mind could be considered as “information”, yet it is unknown where this information is stored. The general informational categories for humans are books, songs, movies, pictures, and other information obtained from their surroundings. The features of this information are that it exists in the way our psyche perceived it, and does not change itself. On the other hand, the features of the subconscious mind as an informational category are developmental and exist in a constantly changing state. The psyche is not a continuum but a multivariate, non-stationary, non-linear, dynamic self-organizing oscillatory process. The substratum of this process and its carrier is the human brain. Parameters of the brain have become gradually accessible to measurements but provide little help on how to study the psyche.

How do you measure the process that develops simultaneously in many dimensions and not only in existential coordinates, but rather in Psycho-semantic ones which are very difficult to imagine? How do you measure a process, which is non-stationary on all parameters considering that during each moment of measurement it has new, sometimes opposite parameters? How do you measure a process whose reactions to the same test measurement are not simply non-linear – they cannot be described by any functional relation – but are represented as stochastic and even sporadic function? How do you measure a process for which all parameters are dynamically changing in an unpredictable fashion? How do you measure a process for which all the above described unique features are also constantly changing in complex variances in addition to the constant progression of information and it’s processing? Finally, what do you do if the multivariate, non-stationary, non-linear, dynamic self-organizing process of the psyche also changes depending on a multitude of solar, lunar, daily, hormonal cycles and basic instincts?

The answer is that there are no absolute measures or methods of measurement of the multivariate, non-stationary, non-linear, dynamic self-organizing process of the psyche. The only one, unique way of measuring the psyche is the dynamic method of Psycho-semantic Analysis which, for various groups of the population, allows one to statistically uncover significant spheres of importance to the human psyche. With the development of the Psycho-semantic method, it is now possible to dynamically measure responses of the subconscious mind. The computer Psycho-semantic Analysis method can as such be applied successfully in all areas where the object of research is the human psyche.

Major Premise

SSRM Tek is based on the universal principles of human behaviour and scientific experimentation. Humans are the product of information of their surrounding environment. Any traits, influences, abilities, etc are described and experienced through words, pictures, sound etc.  Information is categorized and prioritized by emotions throughout one’s life. The major content of the human’s informational being is not accessible to his/her conscious mind. It belongs to the subconscious mind.

How SSRM Tek Works

SSRM Tek was developed using the universal principles of scientific experimentation. It measures a variety of responses.

Each experiment (test) consists of: a Control, a Probe / Stimuli, a Reper (Reference Point), and a Registered Response. The relationship between the Control, Probe and Reper is analyzed by measuring deviations between the three components.

Since every person’s psyche is different each person is their own control. It is important to understand that every individual test is a complete scientific experiment since it contains all the above-mentioned components.

  1. Control – SSRM Tek’s controls are stimuli that have no meaning to the subject and as such will not illicit a significant emotional response. This is the baseline.
  2. Probe / Stimuli – The probe is semantically meaningful stimuli in the form of a word or picture. These are the topics being tested for.
  3. Reper (Reference Point) – Reper is a different kind of control. It is a measurement developed to gauge a natural defensive reaction (the subject’s reaction to the “punishment” they receive during the test). This reaction is then measured to know how the subject’s subconscious mind responds defensively.
  4. Registered Response – The subject is asked to push a button. The combined visual and motor reaction to the Controls, Probe and Reper are measured by the response time between stimuli appearing and the subject pushing the button.

Methods of Validation

Validation of the Psycho-semantic method is not a simple procedure because current knowledge is based mostly on observation. Currently, in dealing on the observational level, it is difficult to choose the subject both for control and known deviations.

For example, with those who are suicidal, until they actually act on their deviation and survive, it is impossible to know whether or not they are actually suicidal. These kinds of patients are usually under medical treatment and therefore it is difficult to evaluate them since they are in different stages of their deviation. Whereas, SSRM Tek allows one to test for these deviations before they are ever manifested.

The following are 4 methods that Semantic Stimuli Response Measurement developers used to validate their results:

  1. Scientists compared information received from SSRM Tek with information obtained with the help of other investigative sources. For example, they used information obtained from the subject, his/her relatives and co-workers, and other accepted tests. Officials verified information obtained through SSRM Tek with results of Charles E. Osgood’s Semantic Differential, George Kelly’s Methodology of Personal Constructs, lie detector tests, clinical and  general investigations.
  2. Experimentally, the scientists included known information, such as the subject’s family name, into the semantic base creating a significant subconscious response to only that name. A person’s family name is an integral part of his identity and has unquestionable significance to the subject. Therefore it can be tested.
  3. The scientists also compared the SSRM Tek data with other data obtained during diagnostic or treatment procedures accompanied with dissolution of the consciousness. Narco-psychotherapy, amital caffeine disinhibition and initial stages of narcosis were used to diminish the subject’s conscious protective mechanisms, thereby obtaining information not normally available.
  4. Another validation method utilized was the analysis of the therapeutic effectiveness of treatment. Scientists uncovered areas of concerns that required treatment, such as suicidal tendencies or depression. Post treatment, patients were retested with SSRM Tek, which indicated that these tendencies no longer existed. A revealing study was conducted at the Moscow Medical Academy.

Ongoing Validation

Together with his colleagues since 2006, Dr. Ioffe has published numerous white papers, articles, and perform clinical studies with SSRM Tek as well as host numerous talks and present at prestigious scientific symposiums.

More recently, Northam Psychotechnologies performed two tests in Afghanistan from 2008 to 2010 testing ANA personnel with the financial support of the Combined Security Transition Command Afghanistan (CSTC-A) using a specialized security screening complex called PASSTool. The PASSTool is a computer program that was specially created for testing purposes in Afghanistan that fully incorporates Semantic Stimuli Response Technology to screen the subconscious minds of ANA personnel.

SSRM Tek has been commercially available since 2009 establishing security clearances in organizations en masse and as a psychological diagnostic tool diagnosing and treating mental illness in North America and Russia.

Referenced Publications

Dixon N.F. Subliminal perception: two natures of a controversy. – L.: McGraw-Hill. – 1971. – 118 P.

Shevrin H., Fritzler D.G. Visual evoked potential response correlates of unconscious  mental processes // science. – 1968. – N 161. – P. 295-298.

Shevrin H. Neurophysiological correlations of psychodinamic unconscious processes Unconscious, Ô.1. – Tbilisi, Metsniereba,-  1978, С. 676-691.

Shevrin H., Williams W.J,  Marshall R.E. System for assessing verbal psychobiological correlates – US Patent N 4699153. – 1987.

Kostandov E.A. About studying of subsensorial reactions // Bulletin AMN the USSR, 1970, N 1, p 53-59.

Kostandov E.A. About nervous mechanisms of subconscious negative emotions // Issled. Mechanisms of nervous activity., î., 1984, with 244-252.

Kostandov E.A. Consciousness and unconsciousness as a subjects of physiology of the higher nervous system activity in human // Journal of the higher nervous system activity. 1984, Ô.34, N 3, p 401-411.

Smirnov I.V., Kvasovets S.V., Fedorenko V.N. Principles of psychoprobing // Reports of information. The collection of abstracts VIMI. Publication N 11.90.9.39, î., 1990, With. 101-109.

Smirnov I.V., Beznosjuk E.V. Diagnostics and correction using psycho semantic methods. Sb. Scientific. Works for not medicinal therapy of diagnostics and correction of health. MMA him. Setchenov, î., 1993.

Smirnov I.V., Beznosjuk E.V. Computer psychoanalysis and psychotherapy. Journal of Medical Help N 4, 1994.

Smirnov I.V., Beznosjuk E.V. Method of not subconscious psychotherapy, psycho correction and psycho semantic analysis with subthreshold introduction of the information. Journal Psychotherapy of Russia, N 3, 1994.

Smirnov I.V., Beznosjuk E.V. Computer psycho technologies of the semantic analysis of unconscious. Russian Psycho analysis bulletin, N 3, 1994.

Williams et al.; “A Transinformation Measure of Word Meaning in Evoked Potentials”; 4-1984.

Shevrin; “Unconscious Conflict: A Convergent Psychodynamic and Electrophysiological Approach”; Emotional & Cognitive Factors in Unconscious Processes, Stanford, Calif., 7-1984.

Boudrot et al
.; “A Clinical Feedback EEG System”; Am. J. EEG Technol., No. 3, 9-1976, pp. 117-127.

Fuller and Williams “A Continuous Information Theoretic Approach . . . “; Biological Cybernetics, Jun. 20, 1982.

Shevrin and Rennick “Cortical Response to Tactile Stimulus . . . “, , Psychophysiology, vol. 3, No. 4, 1967.

Shevrin and Fritzler “Visual Evoked Response Correlates . . . “, , Science, vol. 161, pp. 295-298, Jul. 19, 1968.

Shevrin and Fritzler “Brain Response Correlates of Repressiveness”,  , Psychological Reports, 1968, 887-92, 12/68.

Shevrin, Smith, and Fritzler “Repressiveness as a Factor in the Subliminal . . . “, ,The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, vol. 149, No. 3, 1969. Published comments of Dr. Shevrin, Psychological Variables in AEP Experiment (Average Evoked Potentials).

Shevrin and Smith “Subliminally Stimulated Brain and Verbal Responses . . . “, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1970, vol. 75, No. 1, 39-46.

Shevrin, Smith, and Hoobler “Direct Measurement of Unconscious Mental Processes: . . . “, Proceedings, 78th Annual Convention, APA 1970.

Shevrin and Smith “Average Evoked Response and Verbal Correlates . . . “,  , Psychophysiology, vol. 8, No. 2, 1971.

Shevrin “Brain Wave Correlates of Subliminal Stimulation . . . “,  Psychological Issues Monograph 30, Psychoanalytic Research, vol. III, No. 2, 1973.

Shevrin “Evoked Potential Evidence for Unconscious Mental Processes: A Review of the Literature” , International Symposium on the Unconscious, Tsibili, Georgia, USSR, 1978.

Shevrin “Some Assumptions of Psychoanalytic Communication: . . . “, Communicative Structures and Psychic Structures, 1977.

Shevrin “Glimpses of the Unconscious”, , Psychology Today, Apr. 1980.Shevrin H., Williams W.J,  Marshall R.E. System for assessing verbal psychobiological correlates – US Patent N 4699153. – 1987.1Smirnov I. V. et all Psycho ecology methodology – USSR patent N 303125. 1987.4Smirnov I. V.Method of Psycho probing- RF patent N 2218867. 2002.12

BOOKS

Shevrin, Howard (Editor) and Fisher, Charles Subliminal Explorations of Perceptions, Dreams, and Fantasies: The Pioneering Contributions of Charles Fisher

Shevrin, Howard and Williams, William J., and Brakel, Linda A.W. Conscious and Unconscious Processes: Psychodynamic, Cognitive, and Neurophysiological Convergences

I.V. Smirnov, E. Beznosyuk, A. Suravlyev, “Psychotechnologies”, 416 pages -M.:  Progress Publisher 1995 ISBN 5-01-004582-6